DESERTIFICATION IN ICELAND

KlickThe extremely active soil erosion in Iceland often surprises visitors. It is very noticeable on the landscape, and one of the main geologic and geomorphic features that shape the surface of the country. We hope that the visitors and those generally interested in land degradation will find this homepage useful.

A program to assess soil erosion in Iceland was started in 1990 and completed in 1997. Erosion has now been surveyed in all of Iceland. The information is stored in a readily accessible database, consisting of about 18 000 polygons with information about erosion type and severity in addition to other digital land use related information.

The project to assess erosion and desertification in Iceland was awarded the Nordic Council "Nature and Environmental Award" in 1998.


20 dec. 2005
The book "Soil Erosion in Iceland" has now been translated into German and is available on this web site as
pdf file.  We hope that this will be of benefit for all the numerous German visitors that come to Iceland each year, which includes students from German universities. Download

19 dec. 2001
A new soil map of Iceland has recently been completed, based on a new classification scheme.  Maximum resolution is about 1:250 000. The map and additional
information can be viewed at this web site (Icelandic soils).

1.sept. 2001

Soil Erosion in Iceland.
By Olafur Arnalds, Elin Fjola Žorarinsdottir, Sigmar Metusalemsson, Asgeir Jonsson, Einar Gretarsson, and Arnor Arnason. This book is a translation of the book Jaršvegsrof į Ķslandi ( pdf.file ) that was originally published in Icelandic in 1997.

The book gives the results of a project that aimed to map soil erosion in all of Iceland. A special classification of soil erosion was used and an erosion severity scale. The book contains numerous color photographs of Icelandic landscapes and erosion features. The book costs 15.30 pounds or 30 US dollars plus shipping. For orders, please contact margretj@lbhi.is.It  is also available on this web site as pdf.file. See also "Soil Erosion in Iceland, results".

 


Edited by Olafur Arnalds and Einar Gretarsson
Agricultural Research Institute of Iceland.
www.rala.is

Last updated on 19.10.2007by EG