Soil Resources of European Volcanic Systems



BADACSONY - July 2001

 Date of description: July 13, 2001

Authors: A. Kertesz, G. Fuleky, B. Madarasz, O. Feher, P. Buurman

Location: Hungary, Badacsony

Altitude: 420 m

Coordinates: N 46.48.003, E 17.29.789

WRB (2001): Skeletic Umbrisol
ST (1999): Ashy over loamy-skeletal, mixed, mesic Humic Vitrixerand


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Local Soil name: Fekete Nyirok (see profile EUR - 18 for explanation)

Soil Climate: Xeric soil moisture regime; Mesic soil temperature regime

Topography: Rolling landscape

Landform: Hill

Land element: Lower slope/bottom

Position: Slope

Relief: Slope gradient 10-15%, strongly sloping, concave

Microtopography: None

Land Use: Nature conservation area (Balaton Highland National Park)

Vegetation: Natural deciduous forest (oak, ash, lime, sambucus)

Human Influence: pottery shards at 5 cm depth

Parent Material: Pyroclastic deposits; basaltic tuft

Rock outcrops: Common, basaltic boulders

Surface sealing: None

Cracking: None

Erosion: Slope deposition, sheet erosion

Drainage class: Well drained

Groundwater: Beyond profile depth

Moisture condition: Dry


Ah1:   0-7 cm; black (10YR 2/1); silty clay loam; no rock fragments; weak fine to coarse granular structure; soft when moist; many fine and very fine roots; clear and smooth to:

Ah2:   7-25 cm; black (10YR 2/1); silty clay loam; no rock fragments; strong fine to coarse subangular blocky structure; firm; few to very few fine to - medium roots; abrupt and wavy to:

R/A: 25-50+ cm; silty clay loam; soil between rock fragments; more than 50% angular rock fragments; weak very fine subangular blocky; very few roots of all sizes


WRB (2001): umbric horizon (0-25 cm); no vitric horizon (Ah1 + Ah2 < 30 cm thick); >40% rock fragments below 25 cm:

Skeletic Umbrisol

ST (1999): umbric epipedon (0-25 cm): andic soil properties between 7 and 30 cm; >35% coarse fragments below 25 cm:

Ashy over loamy-skeletal, mixed, mesic Humic Vitrixeran

Last modified 30 April 2004 by EG