ANDOSOLS OF EUROPE
Soil Resources of European Volcanic Systems

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GREECE SOIL PROFILES

PROFILE EUR14 - GR
Santorini, Profitis Ilias. - 27.april 2001

Date of description: 27-04-2001

Authors: P. Buurman, O. Arnalds, F. Terribile, P. Quantin, Eduardo ?? and M. Mallucelli??

Location: Greece, Santorini, Profitis Ilias

Altitude: 300 m

Co-ordinates: 362222.6N, 252714.6E

Map number and Co-ordinates:

Classification:
WRB (2001): Skeleti-Tephric Regosol (Hypereutric)
ST (1999): Pumiceous, mixed, nonacid, thermic Vitrandic Xerorthent

Soil Climate: Xeric soil moisture regime; Thermic soil temperature regime



 
Click on image to enlarge

Topography: Mountainous

Landform: (check in FAO)

Land element: Slope

Position: Middle slope

Slope: Very steep

Form:

Microtopography: low hummocks

Landuse/Vegetation: natural, not used. 90% Rhagnalon rupeste. Other vegetation includes Carthamus sp.

Human influences: considerable

Parent material: Pumice, volcanic ash, Upper Pumice Series

Rock outcrops: 10%

Effective soil depth: 80 cm.

Erosion: moderate water erosion

Drainage Class: excessively drained

Internal drainage: Never saturated, Permeability: moderately rapid.

External drainage: excessively drained

Moisture conditions: Dry, never saturated

 Note: Vegetation crust is forming on top of the surface. Moss between the herbal plants.


SOIL 
HORIZON DESCRIPTION:

Ah:    0-7 cm; Dark brown (10YR 3/3) loamy fine sand, very weak coarse subangular blocky, very friable, many very fine and few medium roots, 30% 0.2-2 cm coarse fragments, clear smooth boundary.

AC:   7-30 cm; Brown (10YR 5/3) loamy fine sand, structureless, loose, many fine to medium roots, 65% 0.2-10 cm coarse fragments, abrupt wavy boundary.

C:      30-95+ cm; White (10YR 8/1) pumice gravel, structureless, loose, > 95% 0.2-15 cm coarse fragments.

 

WRB (2001): ochric horizon (0-30 cm); no Leptosol because of <90% coarse fragments between 0 and 30 cm; no Arenosol because of >35% coarse fragments between 7 and >30 cm; BS >80% throughout:

Skeleti-Tephric Regosol (Hypereutric)

 ST (1999): ochric epipedon (0-30 cm); no Psamment because of >35% rock fragments in the particle-size control section (25-100 cm); less than 10% fine earth between 30 and 95+ cm:

Pumiceous, mixed, nonacid, thermic Vitrandic Xerorthent


Last modified 30 April 2004 by EG