ANDOSOLS OF EUROPE
Soil Resources of European Volcanic Systems

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GREECE SOIL PROFILES

PROFILE EUR15 - GR
Santorini, Mavro Vounó. - 27.april 2001

Date of description: 27-04-2001

Authors: P. Buurman, O. Arnalds, F. Terribile, P. Quantin, Eduardo ?? and M. Mallucelli??

Location: Santorini, Mavro Vounó (Black Mountain)

Altitude: 230 m

Co-ordinates: 36°27’56.9’’N 25°24’39.8’’E

Map number and Co-ordinates:

Classification:
WRB (2001): Skeleti-Tephric Regosol (Hypereutric)
ST (1999): Pumiceous, mixed, nonacid, thermic Vitrandic Xerorthent

Soil Climate: Xeric soil moisture regime; Thermic soil temperature regime



Click on image to enlarge

Topography: Mountainous

Landform: volcano, hill

Land element: Slope

Position: Slope

Slope: 50% steep

Form:

Microtopography: low hummocks

Landuse/Vegetation: 30% vegetation

Human influences: No influence

Parent material: Pumice, 40 000 years, coarse pyroclastic.

Rock outcrops:

Effective soil depth: 50 cm; shallow

Erosion: Mass movement extreme, water erosion > 50?

Drainage Class: excessively drained

Internal drainage: Never saturated.

External drainage: rapid run-off

Moisture conditions: Dry.

Note: Surface coarse fragments >80% 0.2-10 cm, 0.2-2 cm dominant.


SOIL 
HORIZON DESCRIPTION:

Colours of C horizons are dominated by the coarse fragments.  C2 horizon was not sampled.  Colours are for moist soil.

Ah:    0-20 cm; Dark yellowish brown (10YR 3/4) extremely gravely sandy loam, structureless, loose, many very fine to medium roots, calcareous, HCl ++, 80% 0.2-1 cm coarse fragments, clear wavy boundary. NaF +

C1:     20-50 cm; Black (10YR 2/1) sandy gravel, structureless, loose, common very fine to medium roots, slight evidence of stratification, non calcareous, 95% 0.2-2 cm coarse fragments, abrupt wavy boundary. NaF +

C2:     50-70+ cm; Black (10YR 2/1) sandy gravel, structureless, loose, no roots, non calcareous, NaF +.

 

WRB (2001): ochric horizon (0-20 cm); no Leptosol because of <90% coarse fragments between 0 and 50 cm; no Arenosol because of >35% coarse fragments between 0 and 50 cm; BS >80% throughout:

Skeleti-Tephric Regosol (Hypereutric)

ST (1999): ochric epipedon (0-20 cm); no Psamment because of >35% rock fragments in the particle-size control section (25-100 cm):

Pumiceous, mixed, nonacid, thermic Vitrandic Xerorthent


Last modified 30 April 2004 by EG