ANDOSOLS OF EUROPE
Soil Resources of European Volcanic Systems

GREECE SOIL PROFILES

PROFILE N15- GR
Santorini, Mavro Vounó. - 27.april 2001

Date of description: 27-04-2001

Authors:
Peter, Oli, Fabio, Paul, Eduardo and Marcelli

Location
:
Santorini, Mavro Vounó(Black Mountain)

Altitude:
 230 m

Coordinates:  
            36°27’56.9’’N 
            25°24’39.8’’E
Map number and Coordinates: 

Classification:  
  Click on image to enlarge

 

Soil Climate: Xeric, Thermic
Topography: Mountainous
Landform: “volanoe, hill"
Land element: Slope
Position: Slope
Slope: 50% steep
Form: 
Microtopography: low hummocks
Landuse/Vegetation: 30% vegetation
Human influences: No influence
Parent material: Pumice, 40 000 years, coarse pyroclastic.
Rock outcrops: 
Effective soil depth: 50 cm; shallow
Erosion: Mass movement extreme, water erosion >50?
Drainage Class: excessively drained
Internal drainage: Never saturated.
External drainage: rapid run-off
Moisture conditions: Dry.
Note:  Surface coarse fragments >80% 0.2-10 cm, 0.2-2 cm dominating.


N15 - GR.SOIL  DESCRIPTION:

Colors of C horizons are dominated by the coarse fragments.  C2 horizon was not sampled.  Colors for moist soil.

A 0-20 cm.  Dark yellowish brown (10YR ¾) sandy loam, structureless, loose, many very fine to medium roots, calcareous, HCl ++, 80% 0.2-1 cm coarse fragments, clear wavy boundary.  NaF +
C1 : 20-50 cm. Black (10YR 2/1) sandy gravel, structureless, loose, common very fine to medium roots, slight evidence of stratification, non calcareous, 95% 0.2-2 cm coarse fragments, abrupt wavy boundary.  NaF +
C2:  50-70+ cm.  Black (10YR 2/1) sandy gravel, structureless, loose, no roots, non calcareous, NaF +.  Horizon not sampled.

Last modified 13 May 2002 by EG